Lighting and luminaire devices, including LED’s and related equipment are required to meet the requirements for regulatory compliance for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) and product safety to be placed on to the marketplace. By completing a formal compliance program, manufacturers can claim compliance under the EU Low Voltage Directive 2014/35/EU, the EU EMC directive 2014/30/EU, and other national regulations for U.S., Canada and other global locations. Luminaires that include wireless capabilities may fall under the wireless standards and include the EU Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU.
The U.S.-FCC and Canada-ISED require compliance testing for electromagnetic compatibility, emissions. The most common international EMC standard is IEC/EN 55015.
FCC Part 15 Radiated and Conducted Emissions
ICES Part 005 Lighting Equipment and Systems
IEC/EN 55015 applies to the emissions (radiated and conducted) of radio frequency disturbances from the following types of products and equipment:
All lighting equipment with a primary function of generating and/or distributing light intended for illumination purposes, and intended either for connection to the low voltage electricity supply or for battery operation
The lighting part of multi-function equipment where one of the primary functions of this is illumination
Independent auxiliaries exclusively for use with lighting equipment
UV and IR radiation equipment
Neon advertising signs
Street/flood lighting intended for outdoor use
Transport lighting (installed in buses and trains)
The most common product safety standard is IEC/EN 60598.
IEC/EN 60598-1 specifies general requirements for luminaires, incorporating electric light sources for operation from supply voltages up to 1000 V. The requirements and related tests of IEC 60598-1 cover: classification, marking, mechanical construction, electrical construction and photobiological safety. In addition to these general requirements, there are a series of -2 standards that are specific to different type and intended use of lighting and luminaires. This standard falls under the safety requirements found in the EU Low Voltage Directive 2014/35/EU
Each part of IEC 60598-2 details requirements for a particular type of luminaire or group of luminaires on supply voltages not exceeding 1000 V. These parts are published separately for ease of revision and additional sections will be added as and when a need for them is recognized.
In general, IEC/EN 60598-1 covers general safety requirements for luminaires. The object of this Part 1 is to provide a set of requirements and tests which are considered to be generally applicable to most types of luminaires and which can be called up as required by the detail specifications of IEC 60598-2. This standard is thus not regarded as a specification in itself for any type of luminaire, and its provisions apply only to particular types of luminaires to the extent determined by the appropriate part of IEC 60598-2.
Lighting equipment and luminaire equipment that have wireless capabilities, transmitter-receiver, may have to meet wireless regulations as well as medical device and equipment regulations. Pre-approved wireless module certification in many cases is not enough to show compliance for devices and equipment for medical equipment. D.L.S. can assist in determining the specific requirements needed to meet all U.S., Canada and EU regulatory requirements, including the Radio Equipment directive 2014/53/EU for your equipment. The European Union has established requirements under law for wireless enabled products to show compliance with the Radio Equipment Directive as part of the CE marking requirements.
Common Wireless Standards
FCC Part 15.247 & 15.249: Bluetooth®, Zigbee®, Wi-Fi/WLAN, RFID
FCC Part 15.225: Operation within the band 13.110-14.010 MHz
FCC Part 15.231: Momentary operation of Remote Controls, Alarms, Security Systems
RSS-210, RSS-247, RSS/GEN, RSS-310: Bluetooth®, Zigbee®, Wi-Fi/WLAN, RFID, Remote Controls, Alarms, Security Systems, etc.
RSS-310: GPS Receivers
EN 300 220-2: Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Short Range Devices (SRD); Radio equipment to be used in the 25MHz to 1000MHz frequency range with power levels ranging up to 500mW
EN 300 328: Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Wideband Transmission Systems; Data transmission equipment operating in the 2.4GHz ISM band and using spread spectrum modulation techniques
EN 300 330: Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Short Range Devices (SRD); Radio equipment to be used in the 9kHz to 25MHz frequency range and inductive loop systems in the 9kHz to 30MHz frequency range
EN 300 440: Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Short Range Devices (SRD); Radio equipment to be used in the 1GHz to 40GHz frequency range
EN 301 489-1: Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 1: Common technical requirements; Harmonized Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of Directive 2014/53/EU and the essential requirements of article 6 of Directive 2014/30/EU
EN 301 489-3: Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 3: Specific conditions for Short Range Devices (SRD) operating on frequencies between 9kHz and 40GHz
EN 301 489-17: Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 17: Specific conditions for Wideband data and HIPERLAN equipment
RoHS-Reduction of Hazardous Substances 2015/863/EU
The European Union and other countries have established regulatory requirements for the Reduction of Hazardous Substances in electronic and electronic equipment. These regulations require manufacturers of certain machinery and industrial equipment to show formal compliance. D.L.S. provides a comprehensive review processes to ensure non-compliant components and sub-assemblies, as well as final products, are identified and provide guidance on the updates that might need to be required to show compliance. The European Union has by law established compliance with the RoHS Directive to allow for CE marking on applicable devices and equipment.
D.L.S. is offering a new transitional analysis program with respect to the newest update of the EMC and Product Safety standards to meet the requirements for compliance. This program provides a detailed review of testing previously performed to determine if it will show compliance to the new update. This comprehensive review involves not only previous test results, but the methodology and monitoring requirements when compared to a current ISO 14971 risk assessment. This program involves any previous testing, regardless of the performing testing laboratory or the dates when the tests were performed. Manufacturers of lighting and luminaire equipment and devices must meet all the conditions for compliance to these new updated standards.
For new products coming to market, D.L.S. offers a comprehensive design review to identify non-compliant design related issues. This evaluation is recommended at an early stage in the development process, so any potential changes to the equipment being reviewed would have the least possible impact to both cost and delivery of a final approved product. Experienced D.L.S. engineers perform this process working hand in hand with the manufacturer to insure the most process capable design solutions for areas that may not meet the regulatory requirements.